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Saturday, March 27, 2010

Fruits and its uses

A great deal of scientists agree that raw fruits
and cooked vegetables are the only right nutrition for human
beings. Apart from the nutritional aspects of some commonly
available fruits t
hey also possess medicinal values that are highly
beneficial and a boon to human being from time inbeing..

They act as quick and efficient remedies and the
most easily
available food Each and every fruit is known for its own medicinal
properties it possess which acts as time being remedies.

Here are the lists of some of the most commonly available
fruits which has got medicinal properties described as by Siddha
system of medicine in curing diseases in common.

English Name : Pine apple
Family Name : Bromeliaceae
Chemical constituents : Bromelin
Action : Styptic, Emmenagogue, Anthelmintic, Vermicide, Diaphoretic, Aperient
Uses :
  • It is useful in vomiting,gastralgia,jaundice and other pitha disorders.
  • It’s juice is processed into syrup and it helps
    in vomiting, excessive thirst, leucorrhoea
    and other pitha disorders.

Excessive intake of fruits causes uterine contractions. Hence
it ought to be avoided by pregnant women.

English Name : Common plum
Family Name : Rosaceae
Chemical constituent : Amygdalin, emulsin, and a little of malicAcid
Action : Coolant, Laxative, Emollient
Uses :
  • It is used in curing indigestion, constipation,
    headache, fever, thirst, itching and scabies.
  • Excessive intake of fruits has laxative action
    and also expels out the excessive bile stored
    in the body.
  • 1 part of fruit mixed with 8 parts of water
    and with some sugar addes to it are heated
    and prepared as a decoction and this when
    given internally has laxative action.

English Name : Lime, Lemon
Family Name : Rutaceae
Chemical constituent : Geraniol, 1-linalool,Citral and Hesperidin Glucosides.
Action : Refrigerant, Pithasamani, Antiscorbutic, Rind of fruit – Stomachic, Carminative
Uses :
  • It is used in curing giddiness, vomiting, nausea, thirst, scurvy and in febrile and inflammatory conditions.
  • Externally it is useful in whitlow.

  • The juice of the fruit with sugar cures excessive thirst.
  • It is processed into various forms and when intaken for 6 months helps in curing ascites,lethargy, epression, and also helps in removing grey hair. Thus it acts as an ELIXIT.

  • Coral prepared as white calx is given with
    the adjuvant of lime juice helps in curing
    chronic and excessive diarrhoea and

  • On productive vomiting, Cuminum
    cyminum seeds are fried in honey until its
    colour changes to golden brown and
    thereafter it is mixed with lime juice and
    water and prepared as decoction are given.

English Name : Sour orange, bitter orange
Family Name : Rutaceae
Chemical constituent : d-linalool and glucoside hesperidin
Action : Refrigerant, Stomachic, Tonic
Uses :
  • It is a blood purifier.

  • It brings taste to the tongue.
  • It reduces secretion of excessive bile and
    improves digestion and health.
  • It also helps in curing cough, diabetes
    mellitus, chest pain, liver disorder.
  • It is useful in atonic dyspepsia and general

English Name : Guava tree
Family Name : Myrtaceae
Chemical constituent : Eugenol, essential oil, and minerals
Action : Laxative
Uses :
  • It is employed in giddiness, dyspepsia,
    anorexia, gastric tympanitis and vomiting.
  • Unripe fruit is recommended for diarrhoea
    and also for gout.

English Name : Custard apple, Sugar apple
Family Name : Annonaceae
Chemical constituent : Seeds has an acrid principle
Action : Coolant, Tonic, Haematinic
Uses :
  • It is prepared as syrup and it helps to reduce
    heat in the body.

  • The ripe fruit is medicinally considered as a
    maturant, and when bruised and mixed with
    salt is applied to malignant tumours to
    hasten suppuration.

English Name : Jambul
Family Name : Myrtaceae
Chemical constituent : Jamboline, a pale yellow essential oil,
ellagic acid
Action : Stomachic, Diuretic, Tonic, Haematinic
Uses :
  • It is a haematinic and semen promoting.

  • It reduces excessive heat of the body
  • The juice of the fruit is kept in a bottle for
    about 1 month and when given internally
    cures excessive thirst in diabetes mellitus.
  • The juice of the fruit is prepared as syrup
    and is an efficient astringent in chronic
    diarrhoea and also improves appetite.

English Name : Indian gooseberry, Emblic myrobalan
Family Name : Euphorbiaceae
Chemical constituent : Essential oil, Emblic acid, Phyllanthin
Action : Refrigerant, Diuretic, Laxative, Nutritive tonic.
Uses :
  • It is an ELIXIT.

  • It cures anorexia
  • The decoction of the fruit is beneficial for
    nausea, vomiting, and excessive heat of the
  • It is prepared as an ilagam ( preparation
    made of ghee, honey, cow’s milk and sugar)
    and is an remarkable pitha-samani (reduces
    bile secretion) and is therefore efficient in
    vomiting, jaundice, anaemia, gastric ulcer,
    generalised odema, leucorrhoea, cough,

    burning sensation of the body and dysentery.
  • Also it is combined with other drugs and
    prepared as oil and when used as a hair oil
    cures 96 types of eye diseases , leucorrhoea,
    peripheral neuritis, burning sensation of
    whole body and other pitha disorders.

English Name : Papaw or Papaya tree
Family Name : Caricaceae
Chemical constituent : Papain or Papayotin, Papayic acid, Carpaine
and Carposide
Action : Laxative, Digestive, Diuretic, Anthelmintic,
Emmenagogue, Alterative
Uses :
  • It is most useful in intestinal irritations and

  • The dried fruit reduces enlarged liver and
  • The unripe fruit mixed with honey acts as an
    anthelmintic for round worms.

English Name : Mangosteen
Family Name : Guttiferae
Chemical constituent : Mangosim, Mangostin
Action : Astringent, Febrifuge
Uses :
  • The juice of the fruit is prepared as syrup
    and it acts as an astringent in chronic
  • It’s fruit, Piper cubeba , Borax and Acacia
    arabica stem bark are taken each 260 mg and
    are powdered and mixed with milk and
    when intaken cures leucorrhoea.

English Name : Mango tree, Spring tree.
Family Name : Anacardiaceae
Chemical constituent : Gallic acid
Action : Laxative, Diuretic, Tonic, Anthelmintic
  • It vitalizes the body and give nourishment
    to it.

  • It promotes semen secretion.

  • It improves vision in eyes and it is said to
    be useful in ophthalmia and eruptions.
  • The rind of the fruit is an astringent and is
    also a stimulant tonic in debility of the

  • Ripe fruit is a laxative and is used for
    habitual constipation.

English Name : Pomegranate
Family Name : Punicaceae
Chemical Constituent : Protein, Minerals like Ca, Mg, P, Fe,
Na, K, Cu, S, Cl, and Vitamins like
Carotene, Thiamine, Riboflavin,
Nicotinic acid, Vit C ,Pectin. Fruit Rind
has Ursolic acid.
Action : Coolant
Uses :
  • It’s fruit is prepared as manpaagu(syrup) and
    it helps in curing fever, thirst, and excessive
    heat in the body.

  • The decoction of fruit rind along with other
    astringent drugs helps in curing dysentery.

  • The sweet types of pomegranate are said to
    be mildly laxative, while the less sweet
    types are believed to be good in
    inflammation of stomach and in heart pain.
  • The powder of the fruit rind along with
    Commiphora myrrha –17 gm and prepared
    chalk – 34 gm cures tooth ache.


English Name : Plantain or Banana
Family Name : Scitaminaceae
Chemical Constituent : Vitamin A, Tannin and minerals like Ca,
Mg, P ,S, Fe, and Cu.
Action : Ripe Fruit – Demulcent, Laxative, Nutritive, Emollient
Unripe Fruit – Astringent
Uses in Siddha :
  • It helps in curing pitha disorders, jaundice,
    gastritis, and excessive heat in the body.

  • It also helps in dyspepsia with flatulence and

  • It is also beneficial for anaemic persons on
    account of iron contained in it.

English Name : Bael Tree, Holy Fruit Tree
Family Name : Rutaceae
Chemical Constituent : Mucilage, pectin, sugar, tannin(tannic
acid), volatile oil, and bitter principle
Action : Astringent, Laxative, Stomachic
Uses in Siddha :
  • Its fruit is prepared as oil and when taken
    bath cures burning sensation of eyes,
    headache, excessive heat in the body and
    neurological disorders.

  • The rind of the fruit is put in a vessel
    containing water and it is stirred out for 3
    hours , thereafter it is filtered and the filtrate
    is separated and again the same process for 4
    or 5 times and the filtrate collected are
    heated till it reaches waxy consistency.
    2-4 gm of this when given 2 or 3 times
    cures chillness and rigor due to tuberculosis,
    and arrests diarrhoea, dysentery and
    dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

  • The rind of fruit is prepared as syrup and
    80-170 mg of this when given twice or
    thrice a day arrests diarrhoea and
    strengthens the intestines.

  • The fruit rind is made dried and prepared
    as powder and 2-4 mg of this powder
    arrests diaaahoea.